A subfield of law enforcement, policing is the protection of a community against criminals and others who want to abuse the freedoms of civilians. While law enforcement as a whole has federal jobs across the nation, policing is more commonly associated with smaller communities and individual cities and towns. It is the job of a police officer to protect the lives and properties of the civilians in their community. Police officers patrol the streets, make arrests, and try to prevent crime on a daily basis. Police department detectives and investigators are also involved in the policing field of law enforcement and help to pursue and apprehend criminals for local police stations.
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Whether the police officer is on- or off-duty, they are expected to carry out their job and use their jurisdiction to protect the rights of the civilians at all times. Police officers and detectives spent a good portion of each day writing reports and manuscripts describing the incidents they experienced and criminals they apprehended that day.
While the federal government does employ policing specialists for certain jobs, the need for police officers in smaller communities is more critical. While federal jobs may require that a higher level of education be attained, local police and detective jobs may still require at least a high school diploma. Applicants that have pursued their college degree in an area related to police education, and those with experience as a military police officer might have better opportunities for employment, including a greater chance to secure employment in the federal agencies. However, the completion of general classes at the university level in law enforcement and police studies could be sufficient for most police jobs at the local and state level.