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The Geneva Conventions

The Geneva Conventions consist of four treaties that standarize international law for war victims. In 1862, Henri Dunant was the catalyst for initiating these international treaties. A Swiss businessman and a social activist, Dunant witnessed the horrible aftermath of war at the Battle of Solferino. It was then that he wrote down his first hand experience of war and these writings inspired the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863. Some time late in 1864, the Geneva Convention was also based on Dunant's records and ideas. He received the first Noble Peace Prize in 1901.

The Four Treaties of the Geneva Convention:

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